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National Atlas of Hungary - Antecedents

Sándor Radó (editor-in-chief.) 1967. National Atlas of Hungary.


Sándor Radó (editor-in-chief.) 1967. National Atlas of Hungary. Cartographia Company, Budapest.

1967

Preparations for the first official national atlas were started in 1959, relying on the recommendations of the Commission on National Atlases of the International Geographical Union. The work was directed by Sándor Radó, editor-in-chief. The atlas (29 x 40.6 cm in size) was published on 112 pages in 1967 with the scientific cooperation of the Hungarian Academy (mainly its Geographical Committee) and the cartographic collaboration of Cartographia Company. The aim of the atlas was to support “economic management and planning” and develop knowledge about the country. Consequently, the first “cartographic ID” of the People's Republic of Hungary was published in red binding. It had 280 maps in colour (mostly at 1:1 million to 1:2 million scales); almost 60% of the maps showed the state of the socialist national economy, a third represented the natural environment, while slightly more than one tenth of the maps dealt with Hungarian society (mainly with population and settlements).

Book review 1: Tivadar Bernát - László Lackó: On the National Atlas of Hungary. (in Hungarian). Published in Földrajzi Közlemények (Geographical Review) 93/2. 151-161. (1969) (PDF, ~3.8 MB)

Book review 2: József Sziládi: National Atlas of Hungary. (in Hungarian) Published in Geodézia és Kartográfia. (Geodesy and Cartography) 19/5. 364-367. (1967) (PDF, ~2 MB)

Click on the chapters to access the full text!

 
1.
 COVER PAGES, FOREWORD, CONTENTS (9.8 MB)
5.
6.
 
Geomagnetism I – Geomagnetism II – Geomagnetism III – Epicentres of earthquakes 1880–1956 – Geomagnetism IV
7.
  Tectonic map of the Alps, the Carpathian Mountains and the Balkan Mountains
8.
  Tectonics and major exploration wells
9.
 
Palaeogeography: Upper Permian, Lower Triassic, Upper Triassic, Lower Jurassic, Middle Jurassic, Lower Cretaceous, Middle Cretaceous, Middle Cretaceous, Upper Cretaceous, Lower Eocene, Upper Eocene, Lower Oligocene, Upper Oligocene, Lower Miocene, Middle Miocene, Middle Miocene, Middle Pliocene
10-11.
  Geology
12.
  Mineral resources I
13.
  Mineral resources II
14-15.
  Physical map
16-17.
  Geomorphological landscape types
18-19.
  Geomorphology
20.
  Relief energy
21.
22.
 
Climate: January mean temperature – April mean temperature – July mean temperature – October mean temperature – Mean temperature of the growing season, April to September – Annual mean temperature – Mean annual highest temperature – Mean annual lowest temperature – Mean date of first air frost in autumn – Mean annual number of winter days – Mean date of last air frost in spring – Mean annual number of summer days
23.
 
Climate: January precipitation – April precipitation – July precipitation – October precipitation – Annual precipitation – Limit value of 25% probability of precipitation in the growing season – Limit value of 50% probability of precipitation in the growing season – Limit value of 75% probability of precipitation in the growing season – Annual number of days with at least 1 mm precipitation – Annual number of days with at least 20 mm precipitation – Annual number of days with snowfall – Annual number of days with at least 50 mm precipitation in 50 years
24.
 
Climate: Vapour pressure in January – Humidity at 2 PM in January – Vapour pressure in July – Humidity at 2 PM in July – Annual total of sunshine hours – Mean annual cloudiness – Number of days with 10% above the mean temperature – Annual evapotranspiration – Wind roses and air pressure at sea level in January – Wind roses and air pressure at sea level in April – Wind roses and air pressure at sea level in July – Wind roses and air pressure at sea level in October
25.
  Climate: Climatic regions – Average date of flowering of the hazel – Average date of flowering of the acacia 1925–1940 – Average date of flowering of the wheat 1949–1954 – Average date of flowering of the maize 1948–1954
26.
  Hydrography of the Carpathian Basin before the river regulations – Mean annual specific water discharge
27.
 
Hydrogeological units – Mineral and medicinal waters
28.
  Hydrogeological map of surface waters – Major data on the Hungarian section of the Danube and Tisza rivers
29.
  Pollution of surface waters – Ground-water level
30.
  Distribution of some important species of trees – Climatic zones of vegetation – Floristic-phytogeographical divisions
31.
  Reconstructed natural vegetation
32.
  Faunal divisions of Hungary and its surroundings
33.
  Soil degradation
34-35.
  Genetic soil map
36.
  Natural landscape units
37.
 POPULATION, SETTLEMENTS (44.1 MB)
38-39.
  Density of population and the regional distribution of population, 1 January 1960
40.
  Hungarian population of the countries of the world
41.
  Mother tongue, 31 December 1920 – Mother tongue, 1 January 1960
42.
  Population increase 1900–1960 – Distribution of population according to the age and gender of employers and dependents
43.
  Ratio and distribution of population in the outskirts, 1 January 1960
44.
  Balance of labour force 1960 – Occupation of population according to the census of 1960
45.
  Settlement types
46-47.
  Distribution of population by settlements according to occupation, 1 January 1960
48.
  Births 1964 – Deaths 1964 – Natural increase 1964 – Actual increase 1964 – Urban population 1949–1965
49.
 AGRICULTURE (49 MB)
50.
  Land reform I – Land reform II – Distribution of landed property 1935 – Distribution of landed property 1948 – State farms, 1 January 1966
51.
  Land use: Arable lands – Meadows – Vineyards – Gardens – Orchards – Pastures – Reeds – Forests
52.
  Number of tractors and population density in 1962 – Tractor-ploughs – Tractor-drawn reaping-machines – Combines – Threshing-machines
53.
  Irrigation, fishing – Use of artificial fertilizers 1964
54-55.
  Land cultivation
56.
  Plant production: Wheat – Rye – Rice
57.
  Plant production: Winter barley – Oat – Maize
58.
  Plant production: Spring barley – Sugar beet – Fibre hemp
59.
  Plant production: Fibre flax – Tobacco – Sunflower
60.
  Plant production: Rape – Oil flax – Potato
61.
  Plant production: Medic – Red clover – Green maize and maize for silage
62.
  Plant production: Forage beet – Wet fodder – Medic grain – Root medic grain – Red clover grain – Green paprika – Tomato – Onion
63.
  Wine-growing areas 19964 – Changes in the vine-growing areas 1935–1964 – Distribution of vine-growing 1964 – Average yield of grape 1964 – Wine production 1964
64.
  Stock of fruit trees 1959 – Total stock of trees of orchards producing for market – Stock of bearing trees of orchards producing for market – Apple tree – Pear tree
65.
  Quince-pear tree – Cherry tree – Sour cherry tree – Plumb tree – Apricot tree – Peach tree – Mandel tree – Walnut tree
66.
  Forests 1965
67.
  Oak – Tanning wood – Beech – Hornbeam – Poplar – Acacia – Pine – Range of big games
68.
  Livestock – Cattle – Cow – Swine – Horse
69.
  Sheep – Hens – Duck – Goose – Turkey – Bee – Animal welfare I: medical attendance – Animal welfare II: institutions
70.
  Total procurement of plant and animal products in forints 1963 – Wheat – Rye – Rice – Potato
71.
  Sugar beet – Tobacco – Onion, cabbage, tomato – Grape, wine – Slaughter swine, slaughter cattle – Poultry – Egg – Milk
72.
  Average quality of the arable lands of cooperative farms 1964
73.
 INDUSTRY (38.6 MB)
74-75.
  Socialist industry I. Major data 1963
76.
  Socialist industry II, 1963
77.
  Socialist industry III. Ratio of employers and their distribution according to social sectors 1963
78-79.
  Socialist industry IV
80.
  Coal mining and coal processing 1963 – Electric energy industry, power stations and transmission lines 1963
81.
  Petroleum industry, production and processing of oil and natural gas, oil and gas pipelines 1963
82.
  Production of iron, steel and non-ferrous metals 1963 – Mechanical engineering and metal ware industry 1963
83
  Production of vehicles 1963 – Precision, communication and vacuum engineering 1963
84.
  Chemical industry 1963 – Construction industry I, 1963
85.
  Construction industry II, 1963 – Construction industry III, 1963
86.
  Timber industry I, 1963 – Timber industry II, 1963
87.
  Paper and printing industry 1963 – Leather and skin industry 1963
88.
  Textile industry I, 1963 – Textile industry II, 1963
89.
  Food industry I, 1963 – Food industry II, 1963
90.
  Food industry III, 1963 – Food industry IV, 1963
91.
  Food industry V, 1963 – Food industry VI, 1963
92.
  Number of employers in industry before 1945 – Increase of the number of employers in the state industry between 1945 and 1965
93.
 TRANSPORTATION, TELECOMMUNICATIONS (23.9 MB)
94-95.
  Transport network
96.
  Traffic load of public roads according to the number of passing vehicles 1963 – Traffic load of public roads according to the weight of passing vehicles 1963
97.
  Passenger train traffic 1965 – Navigable waterways 1966
98.
  Radio, television 1966 – Daily papers 1966
99.
 RETAIL TRADE, TOURISM, FOREIGN TRADE, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (30.5 MB)
100.
  Regional distribution of foods trade in shops 1964 – Regional distribution of clothes trade 1964 – Regional distribution of miscellaneous industrial goods trade 1964
101.
  Regional distribution of catering trade 1964 – Regional distribution of retail trade 1964 – Regional distribution of the selling areas of shops 1964
102.
  Tourism accommodation 1964
103.
  Foreign trade 1965
104.
  Diplomatic relations 1 March 1966
105.
 CULTURAL AND SOCIAL FACILITIES (35.1 MB)
106.
  Secondary education and qualifications – Higher education and qualifications
107.
  Radio subscribers 1964 – Television subscribers 1964 – Borrowing of books (local libraries) 1964 – Cinema-goers 1964 – Seating capacity and visitors of theatres 1964
108.
  Public health I. Panel doctor service 1965 – Public health II. Hospital beds 1964 – Infants’ nursery 1965 – Kindergartens 1965 – Housing conditions I. Residences 1960 – Housing conditions II. Living rooms 1960 – Public utilities I. Water supply 1960 – Public utilities II. Bathrooms 1960
109.
  Nature protection, historic buildings, archaeology, public baths
110-111.
  Industry and agriculture
112.
  Public administration 31 March 1966
  SUPPLEMENT: ADMINISTRATIVE MAP OF THE HUNGARIAN PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC 1 : 500 000 (45.8 MB)