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National Atlas of Hungary - Antecedents

András Rónai (Ed.) 1945. Középeurópa Atlasz – Atlas of Central Europe.


András Rónai (Ed.) 1945. Középeurópa Atlasz – Atlas of Central Europe. Államtudományi Intézet – Institute of Political Sciences, Budapest – Balatonfüred.

1945

This work was edited by András Rónai, director of the Institute of Political Sciences, which is regarded as the organizational predecessor of the present Geographical Institute, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. The atlas was published in Hungarian and English and it met all the requirements of a national atlas, with one exception: it did not show the territory of a country (Hungary) exclusively, but rather the area of Hungary, the Carpathian Basin and its broader environment on 134 colour maps at a scale of ca. 1:6.2 million on 334 pages. The English-language version of the atlas (31.5 x 23 cm in size) contained 171 maps on 367 pages. This masterpiece was originally prepared for the talks on the peace treaty after World War II, but later it was almost destroyed. Its digital facsimile version was published in Hungarian and in English on 411 pages by the Society of St. Steven and Püski Publishing House in 1993. The cartography work was mainly undertaken at the Department of Cartography of Eötvös Loránd University.

Book review: István Klinghammer: András Rónai: Atlas of Central Europe - a masterpiece of maps. (in Hungarian). Published in Földrajzi Értesítő (Geographical Bulletin) 57/1-2. 71-75. (2008) (PDF, ~230 KB)

Click on the chapters to access the full text!

1-5.
 COVER PAGES, CONTENT (3 MB)
7.
 FOREWORD (6.3 MB)
9.
 INTRODUCTION (4.6 MB)
12.
 PLACE OF CENTRAL EUROPE ON THE CONTINENT (4.6 MB)
14.
 DISTANCE FROM THE SHORE (2.2 MB)
16.
 CLIMATE-ZONES IN EUROPE (5.3 MB)
20.
 THE STRUCTURE OF CENTRAL EUROPE (5.2 MB)
23.
 GEOLOGICAL MAP OF CENTRAL EUROPE (1.7 MB)
24.
 RELIEF (5.5 MB)
28.
 RIVER-SYSTEM (2.4 MB)
30.
 FOREST-AREAS (3.2 MB)
32.
 STATE BOUNDARIES (4.8 MB)
34.
 THE NOMINATION OF REGIONS (3.6 MB)
37.
 THE CLIMATIC MAPS OF CENTRAL EUROPE (30 MB)
38.
  January Atmospheric Pressure and the Prevailing Winds of Winter
40.
  July Atmospheric Pressure and the Prevailing Winds of Summer
42.
  The Mean Annual Temperature
44.
  The Mean January Temperature
46.
  The Mean July Temperature
48.
  The Annual Course of Temperature
50.
  Number of Frosty Days
52.
  The Annual Amoount of Precipitation
54.
  The Annual Course of Precipitation
56.
  Annual Amount of Sunshine
58.
  Precipitation and Clouds
61.
 AREA AND POPULATION (75 MB)
62.
  Density of Population
65.
  Distribution of Population
66.
  Population area and population density of Central Europe by Regions
69.
  Total Population, Area and Population Density by Large Regions
70.
  Development of Population in Large Cities
72.
  Nationalities
78.
  Nationalities by Regions
80.
  Germans
82.
  Ruthenians, Ukrainians, Russians
84.
  Italians
86.
  Poles
88.
  Hungarians
92.
  Rumanians
94.
  Czechs, Moravians
96.
  Serbians
98.
  Bulgarians
100.
  Croats
102.
  Slovaks
104.
  Slovenes /Vends/
106.
  Albanians
108.
  Turks
110
  Bosnians
112.
  Gipsies
114.
  Nationalities in Majority Above 90 Per Cent
116.
  Nationalities
118.
  Slavs
120.
  Slavs and the Natural Increase of Population
122.
 THE SPREAD OF RELIGIONS (22.1 MB)
126.
  Roman Catholics
128.
  Greek Catholics
130.
  Protestants
132.
  Greek Orientals
134.
  Mohammedans
136.
  Israelites
140.
 OCCUPATIONS (24.2 MB)
141.
  Occupational Distribution of Population by Large Regions
144.
  Agricultural Population in the Percentage of Total Population
146.
  Density of Agricultural Population
148.
  Industrial and Mining Population
150.
  Population Living by Trade and Communication
152.
  Public Service and Free Professionals
154.
  Analphabetes
157.
  Western Christianity and Analphabetism
158.
 POPULATION MOVEMENT (23.7 MB)
160.
  Births
162.
  Deaths
164.
  Infant Mortality
166.
  Fertility
168.
  Fertility by Regions
170.
  Population Density and Fertility
172.
  Distribution of Population by Age
175.
 GENERAL ECONOMIC ACTIVITY (20.5 MB)
176.
  The Distribution of the Area by Branches of Cultivation
179.
  Arable Land
182.
  Meadows
182.
  Pastures
184.
  Forests
188.
  Property Conditions
190.
 UTILIZATION OF ARABLE LAND (72.1 MB)
192.
  The Sowing-area of Cereals and Potatoes by Regions
194.
  Wheat
196.
  The Average Yields of Wheat
198.
  Per Capita Wheat Production
200.
  Rye
202.
  The Average Yields of Rye
204.
  Per Capita Rye Production
206.
  Excess and Deficiency in Wheat and Rye
208.
  Barley
210.
  The Average Yields of Barley
212.
  Per Capita Barley Production
214.
  Oat
216.
  The Average Yileds of Oat
218.
  Per Capita Oat Production
220.
  Corn
222.
  The Average Yields of Corn
224.
  Per Capita Corn Production
226.
  Potato
228.
  The Average Yields of Potato
230.
  Per Capita Potato Production
232.
  Available Per Capita Amount of Production by Regions
234.
  Available Per Capita Amount of Production by Large Regions
236.
  Excess and Deficienty in Cereals and Potatos by Regions
238.
  Non-agricultural Population
240.
  Production, Excess and Deficiency of Cereals and Potatoes by Regions
242.
  Production of Other Plants
245.
 LIVESTOCK-RAISING (34.5 MB)
250.
  The Stock of Horses
252.
  The Cattle Stock
254.
  Available Per Capita Amount of Beef
256.
  Swine-stock
258.
  Available Per Capita Amount of Pork
260.
  Available Per Capita Amount of Fats
262.
  Stock of Sheep
264.
  Available Per Capita Amount of Mutton
266.
  Available Per Capita Amount of Meet by Regions
268.
  Surplus and Deficiency in Meat
270.
  The Available Amount of Meat, Surplus and Deficiency by Regions
273.
 MINING (26.8 MB)
276.
  Coal Reserves of Central Europe
278.
  Production of Coal and Carbonic Hydrogene of Central Europe
283.
  Ore Reserves of Central Europe
288.
  Production of Iron- Copper-, Aluminium- and Steel Refining Ores
291.
  Production of Salt, Mottled Ore and Other Useful Minerals between
296.
 FACTORY INDUSTRY (6.9 MB)
302.
 SYSTEM OF ROADS AND RAILWAYS (6.1 MB)
306.
 PASSENGER AND FREIGHT TRAFFIC, AND TRANSPORTATION ROUTES (4.9 MB)
310.
 ISOCHRONE MAP OF THE MORE IMPORTANT CITIES OF CENTRAL EUROPE (2.6 MB)
312.
 AIRWAYS (2.4 MB)
314.
 RADIO STATIONS (1.7 MB)
316.
 FOREIGN TRADE (3.8 MB)
319.
 BOUNDARIES OF COUNTRIES, PROVINCES AND COUNTIES ABOUT 1910 (3.3 MB)
322.
 BOUNDARIES OF COUNTRIES, PROVINCES AND COUNTIES IN 1930 (7.4 MB)
328.
 BOUNDARIES OF COUNTRIES, PROVINCES AND COUNTIES IN 1942 (2.9 MB)
330.
 THE TERRITORIAL DEVELOPMENT OF SOME SIGNIFICANT STATES IN CENTRAL EUROPE AND IN THE SURROUNDING AREAS (2.2 MB)
332.
 THE STABILITY OF STATE BOUNDARIES IN CENTRAL EUROPE (2.6 MB)